Georg Franz Kolschitzky

Legend has it that Georg Franz Kolschitzky (a translator, imperial messenger and businessman) founded the first Viennese coffeehouse called “Zur blauen Flasche” (“The Blue Bottle”) briefly after the end of the Turkish Siege of Vienna.

The foundation of the first Viennese coffeehouse, however, is historically documented only on 17th January 1685, when the Armenian Johannes Deodat (who in some sources is referred to as a Greek national) was granted the right to publically serve coffee. He did so in the house in which he lived, at Haarmarkt, what today would be Rotenturmstraße 14.

Until the year 1700 another four cafés were founded. Furthermore about 30 so-called “Wasserbrenner” (distillers) existed, who were allowed to produce liquids “by distilling”, which at this time did not only refer to distilling liquors but also to brewing coffee. The four coffeehouse owners, Isaak de Luca, Rudolf Perg, Andreas Pein and Stefan Devich, however, were not very happy about this kind of competition and fiercely fought against it - successfully.

On 16th July 1700 Emperor Leopold I granted them the exclusive right to prepare coffee, tea, chocolate or similar beverages and serve them in public facilities in Vienna. Due to this new regulation the coffeehouse owners had got rid of the “distillers”, and briefly afterwards they founded the Association of Coffeehouse Operators.

In 1714 there were already 11 bourgeois coffeehouses in Vienna. On 4th May Emperor Karl VI granted them a special patent protecting their businesses, which later, in the year 1751, was confirmed by his successor Empress Maria Theresa.

There is no current information about this Café at the moment.